The Differences Between Speech, Occupational, And Physical Therapy
Posted By: Becky Davis - 3/14/2018 12:00:00 AM

If you have a chronic condition or injury, or have just had surgery, it is possible that you will need several weeks or months of care to heal. Sometimes you will need to learn to adapt to your new circumstances. Rehabilitation therapists are medical professionals who specialize in providing the kind of care that you will need to recover. The most common types of rehabilitation therapy are speech, occupational, and physical therapy.

Speech therapy

Speech therapists assist you with speech and language issues. Aging can cause neurological problems, susceptibility to illnesses, and problems with basic body functions such as swallowing. Speech therapy can help you improve your ability to both eat and communicate. The elderly benefit most from speech therapy because an excellent quality of life is dependent on swallowing food safely and communicating. Speech therapy can also help those who have suffered from a stroke, brain injury, lung disease, or other condition.

Impairments that are cognitive-linguistic can also be treated with speech therapy. After a leg trauma, a physical therapist can help you learn how to walk again by breaking the movements down into steps. A speech and language therapist helps you overcome a cognitive impairment by doing the same thing. They help you re-learn how to use the muscles used for speech and how to manage deficits within your speech. Adults often use speech therapy for dementia, Alzheimer's, motor neuron diseases, Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, and other issues.

Occupational therapy

Occupational therapy helps you adapt to injuries, illness, disability, or any condition which affects your ability to complete day-to-day activities. This type of therapy helps you maintain or improve your quality of life. One technique occupational therapists use is to redesign tasks that are difficult. They can help with grooming, dressing, cooking, homemaking skills, and other activities. This type of therapy can also help get you through the emotional trauma and stress of adjusting to lifestyle changes by providing confidence.

A wide variety of people benefit from occupational therapy. The elderly can confront the issues and challenges of growing older knowing they are capable. Children suffering from developmental issues and people that have to face the diagnosis of a progressive disease can be helped by this therapy as well. Anytime you cannot do the things you need or want due to an injury, illness, or surgery, occupational therapy can be a great help.

Physical therapy

Physical therapy differs from occupational therapy in that it treats the source of an injury and helps you manage the symptoms from that injury. The training that a physical therapist receives centers on evaluation and treatment for ailments in the nervous, muscular, and skeletal systems.

The techniques and tools used in physical therapy include hands on treatment, regular exercise, and even electrical stimulation. Therapists work to help you recover from your injury or surgery, while preventing additional damage or re-injury. An example of this would be a physical therapist working with you if you break your leg. Their goals for you includes recovering your range of motion and mobility and helping you heal faster.

A wide variety of situations call for physical therapy. Athletes who have been injured see physical therapists to get back to their previous performance levels. If you have a condition such as Parkinson's disease, physical therapy helps you maintain motor function and balance. Orthopedic doctors refer patients to physical therapists for skeletal injuries. The elderly can benefit from seeing physical therapists by learning fall prevention methods and improving their balance.

Rehab and recovery at Bivins Pointe

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